Founded by the Greeks in the fifth century BC, Nikaïa (named after the Nike, goddess of victory) soon became a busy trading post. The Romans later constructed the city of Cemenelum (Cimiez) at the site, which came under the administrative control of Rome in 211. As a result of its location close to the border with Italy, Nice changed hands on several occasions, belonging successively to Provence, Savoie, Piedmont and, finally, France.
The city has developed very rapidly in more recent times, mainly due to tourism. As the capital of the Côte d'Azur and the fifth largest city in France, Nice is the second most popular tourist destination in the country, attracting over 4.5 million visitors every year. Nice enjoys a unique setting and an exceptional climate, with some 3,000 hours of sunshine a year. These benefits have made the city a popular venue for many major international gatherings.
Located between the sea and the mountains, Nice is a focal point of life in the Côte d'Azur. The city also plays a major economic and political role in the Union for the Mediterranean. Tourism brings in an average of 1.5 billion euros a year, approximately 30% of the city's income, with visitors attracted to the city's cultural, classical and seaside charms, as well as its reputation as a centre for business.
Nice is establishing itself as a modern, connected city that stands at the cutting edge of new technologies, and is now the world's fourth Smart City.
12 June – Poland vs Northern Ireland – Group C
17 June – Spain vs Turkey – Group D
22 June – Sweden vs Belgium – Group E
27 June – Round of 16 – Runner-up Group B vs Runner-up Group F